Ebola Patent Atlanta Georgia Patent- CA 2741523 Compositions and methods including and related to the Ebola Virus . Also published as, CA2741523A1, EP2350270A2, EP2350270A4, …. with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”; Atlanta, Ga., United …… and cells are available illustratively from Invitrogen Corp., Carlsbad, Calif.
EBOLA_Patent_US20120251502 2 Publication number US20120251502 A1
Publication type Application
Application number US 13/125,890
PCT number PCT/US2009/062079
Publication date Oct 4, 2012
Filing date Oct 26, 2009
Priority date Oct 24, 2008
Also published as CA2741523A1, 4 More »
Inventors Jonathan S. Towner, 4 More »
Original Assignee The Government of the US as Represented by the Secretary of the Dept. of health
Export Citation BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (2), Non-Patent Citations (8), Classifications (39), Legal Events (1)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacene
The Cure for Ebola- Garcinia Kola (Bitter Kola) Research Paper
ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF THREE TROPICAL PLANT EXTRACTS ON STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS,
ESCHERICHIA COLI AND CANDIDA ALBICANS
R. N. Okigbo* and E. C. Mmeka
Department of Botany, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
Antimicrobial activities of the leaf extracts of Cymbopogon citatrus (lemongrass) and Vernonia
amygdalina(bitter leaf ) and the seed extracts of Garcinia kola (bitter kola) were carried out. G. kola had effect only
on Staphyococcus aureus and Escherıchıa coli with no inhibition on Candida albicans. Ethanol, cold water and hot
water extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Cymbopogon citratus showed inhibition on the three organism but G.
kola ethanol, cold water and hot water extracts only inhibited S. aureus and E. coli with no inhibition on Candida
albicans. The organism’s susceptibility varied with more inhibition to S. aureus and least to Candida albicans.
Key words: Antimicrobials, , plant extracts, Garcina, Vernonia, Cymbopogon,
In Africa phytomedicine has been in existence for hundreds of years ago ever before the colonial
administration and is still in use today with about 80% of the population depending on herbal medicine for its
primary health care delivery (Elujoba et al, 2005; Okigbo and Mmeka, 2006, Anon 2007a). Infectious disease
accounts for one half of all deaths in the tropical countries irrespective of efforts made in controlling the incidence
of epidemic (Iwu,1993; Okigbo and Ajalie, 2005).
Three plants were selected for this work based on ethnobotanical evidence of the plant in the community.
Garcinia kola, bitter kola (Guttiferae) – A plant of west and central Africa origin (Iwu, 1993). G. kola is used as a
masticatory (stimulate the saliva) substance and a good preventive agent against dysentery while the fruit pulp is
used for the treatment of jaundice or high fever, the bark is used in medicinal preparations to help heal various
ailments (Adebisi, 2007; Anon, 2007b). C. citratus, lemon grass (Poaceae/Graminae) is a native to India but found
growing naturally in tropical grass land (Anon, 2007d). It used in Ayurvedic medicine to help bring down fevers
and threat infectious diseases (Anon, 2007c). Traditionally, it is believed to cleanse the body so used as an
antioxidant. Vernonia amygdalina, bitter leaf (Compositae) is a plant whose origin is in Nigeria (Anon, 2000). They
are used in traditional medicine as a tonic and remedy against constipation, fever, high blood pressure and many
infectious diseases ( Iwalokun et al., 2006). The leaves are used instead of hops in beer production in Nigeria (Anon,
2000). The aim of this research is to determine the antimicrobial and antifungal properties of their extracts.
Materials and Methods
The medicinal plants used V. amygdalina (BOT/NAU/1314), C. citratus (BOT/NAU/2015) and G. kola
(BOT/NAU/1518) seeds were collected in December, 2006 from Alor and Ojoto in Anambra State, Nigeria. The
plants were identified by Prof. C.U. Okeke of Botany Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
Aqueous Extraction (Cold Water): The method of Al-Magboul et al. (1997) as modıfıed by Okıgbo and
Omodamıro (2006) was used. It was filtered with sterile filter paper (labline filter paper) BitterKolaAJT0503-0226
July- 2001 NASA WAR DOCUMENT-
01_nasa-thefutureof-war Page 52- Chemtrails “Airborne varieties of Ebola, Lassa and etc..” https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=794974323858270&set=oa.10152731671006874&type=1&fref=nf Ebola sprayed from Air- from Chemtrail planes. Make sure to look at photos of pages 52 and 88 – CHEMTRAILS BIOLOGICALS RADIOLOGICALS MICROWAVE. The power point presentation by NASA has been converted to JPG’s. Make sure to read all the pages of aerial sprays in the NASA future of war document that was brought out and shown in a power point presentation a two months before 9-11-2001 – https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=oa.10152731671006874&type=1http%3A%2F%2Fwww.stopthecrime.net%2Fnasatruth.pdfhttps%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Fgroups%2FICCOTPCR00112207%2F